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ReQL command: merge

Command syntax

singleSelection.merge([object | function, object | function, ...]) → object

object.merge([object | function, object | function, ...]) → object

sequence.merge([object | function, object | function, ...]) → stream

array.merge([object | function, object | function, ...]) → array


Merge two or more objects together to construct a new object with properties from all. When there is a conflict between field names, preference is given to fields in the rightmost object in the argument list. merge also accepts a subquery function that returns an object, which will be used similarly to a map function.

Example: Equip Thor for battle.

).run(conn, callback)

Example: Equip every hero for battle, using a subquery function to retrieve their weapons.

r.table('marvel').merge(function (hero) {
    return { weapons: r.table('weapons').get(hero('weaponId')) };
}).run(conn, callback)

Example: Use merge to join each blog post with its comments.

Note that the sequence being merged—in this example, the comments—must be coerced from a selection to an array. Without coerceTo the operation will throw an error (“Expected type DATUM but found SELECTION”).

r.table('posts').merge(function (post) {
    return {
        comments: r.table('comments').getAll(post('id'),
            {index: 'postId'}).coerceTo('array')
}).run(conn, callback)

Example: Merge can be used recursively to modify object within objects.

r.expr({weapons : {spectacular_graviton_beam : {dmg : 10, cooldown : 20}}}).merge(
    {weapons : {spectacular_graviton_beam : {dmg : 10}}}).run(conn, callback)

Example: To replace a nested object with another object you can use the literal keyword.

r.expr({weapons : {spectacular_graviton_beam : {dmg : 10, cooldown : 20}}}).merge(
    {weapons : r.literal({repulsor_rays : {dmg : 3, cooldown : 0}})}).run(conn, callback)

Example: Literal can be used to remove keys from an object as well.

r.expr({weapons : {spectacular_graviton_beam : {dmg : 10, cooldown : 20}}}).merge(
    {weapons : {spectacular_graviton_beam : r.literal()}}).run(conn, callback)

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